• Every beautiful thing is like a band that ties us to this earth as it makes us want to live and enjoy these things of beauty.
• And these things of beauty, according to the poet, are the things that give hope to human beings and make them want to live, in spite of all the sorrow, ill‐health and unpleasant experiences that we face on earth.
• Some of the beautiful things on this earth that have such an effect on us are the sun, the moon, trees, streams, flowers, forests, beautiful monuments that we have erected for the dead, all the lovely tales that we have heard or read.
• Finally he compares all these beautiful things to immortal drink or nectar given to us by gods or gifts of God. Thus he states his firm belief in the Divine.
1. “Such the sun, the moon,
Trees old and young, sprouting a shady boon
For simple sheep; and such are daffodils
With the green world they live in; and clear rills
That for themselves a cooling covert make
‘gainst the hot season.”
a. What proves a blessing for the sheep?
Trees, young and old provide a green covering which proves to be a blessing for the sheep.
(b) Where do daffodils bloom?
Daffodils bloom among the green surroundings.
(c) What prove to be pleasant shelters in summer?
The small streams with clear water prove to be cooling, pleasant shelters in summer.
(d) Name the objects of beauty referred to here.
The sun, the moon, trees, daffodils and streams of clear water are the objects of beauty mentioned here.
(e) What according to Keats are the things that cause suffering
Answer: The poet says that a scarcity of good‐natured people or in other words the wicked people outnumber the good people. And the source of all our sorrows is either ill‐health or another human being.
(f) What makes human beings love life in spite of all the suffering?
Answer: The poet says that the beautiful things on earth lifts the pall off our spirits and make life worth living. Each beautiful thing is like a link that forms a chain or wreath that
binds us to this earth.
(g) Why does the poet say ‘mighty dead’?
Answer: Monuments are erected in memory of people who were mighty or great when they lived. Physically mighty as in mighty warriors or mentally might as in great poets, writers or philosophers. Their tombs provide inspiration for the living through their
beauty just as their works continue to do.
Questions for practice:
1. “A thing of beauty is a joy forever
Its loveliness increases, it will never
Pass into nothingness; but will keep
a bower quiet for us, and a sleep
full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing
Therefore, on every morrow, are we wreathing
A flowery band to bind us to the earth.”
a. What is the special virtue of a beautiful thing?
b. How does it bless us?
c. Explain the expression “A bower quiet for us”.
d. What do we do everyday?
2. “the mid forest brake,
rich with a sprinkling of fair musk‐rose blooms;
and such too is the grandeur of the dooms
who have imagined for the mighty dead;
All lovely tales that we have heard or read;
An endless fountain of immortal drink,
Pouring unto us from the heaven’s brink.”
a. What do you mean by ‘brake’? Where does it grow? What makes it all the more beautiful?
b. What do you mean by ‘the grandeur of the dooms’?
c. “All lovely tales that we have heard or read” Explain
d. What is the source of the beauty of nature? What is its effect on us?
3. “Some shape of beauty moves away the pall
from our dark spirits. Such the sun, the moon,
trees old, and young, sprouting a shady boon
for simple sheep; and such are daffodils
with green world they live in; and clear rills
that for themselves a cooling covert make
‘gainst the hot season; the mid forest brake
Rich with a sprinkling of fair musk‐rose blooms”
a. What removes the pall from our dark spirits?
b. What sprouts a shady boon for sheep and how?
c. How do ‘daffodils’ and rills enrich the environment?
d. What makes the mid‐forest brake rich?
Short answer Questions
1. How do we wreathe a flowery band?
2. Why do human beings suffer or what depresses the human soul?
3. What does Keats mean by the ‘grandeur of doom’?
4. Mention 4 things of beauty listed in the poem?
5. How do we bind ourselves to the earth every morning?
6. Why and how is ‘grandeur’ associated with the mighty dead?
7. What is the source of the ‘endless fountain’ and what is its effect?
8. What is the message of the poem?